Japanese Dictionary

Reading and JLPT level

食う, 喰う, 啖う

JLPT 3
Kana Reading
くう
Romaji
Word Senses
  • Parts of speech
    Godan verb with `u' ending, transitive verb
    Meaning
    to eat
    Example sentence
    そうやはりほう食ってる。は今20うんたら」「いや、わんねーよ」 Oh? Then, as I expected, I've been around longer than you. This year I'm 20-mumble years old. "What does that tell me?"
  • Parts of speech
    Meaning
    to live; to make a living; to survive
    Example sentence
    食う好き好き There is no accounting for tastes.
  • Parts of speech
    Meaning
    to bite; to sting (as insects do)
    Example sentence
    腕時計扇子食った。 The dog ate a watch and a Japanese fan.
  • Parts of speech
    Meaning
    to tease; to torment; to taunt; to make light of; to make fun of
    Example sentence
    が空いてから食ったんだ I'm so hungry, I ate it.
  • Parts of speech
    Meaning
    to encroach on; to eat into; to consume
    Example sentence
    武士は食わねど高楊枝 A samurai, even when he has not eaten, uses a toothpick like a lord.
  • Parts of speech
    Meaning
    to defeat a superior; to threaten a position
    Example sentence
    不意打ち食う I was thrown off guard.
  • Parts of speech
    Meaning
    to consume time and-or resources
    Example sentence
    クラブから締め出し食っている。 He has been barred from the club.
  • Parts of speech
    Meaning
    to receive something (usu. an unfavourable event)
    Example sentence
    遅れたやつはに食われろ。 Devil take the hindmost.
  • Parts of speech
    Meaning
    to have sexual relations with a woman, esp. for the first time
    Example sentence
    大型車ガソリン食う Large cars use lots of gas.

Examples of 食う, 喰う, 啖う, くう in a sentence


Verb Conjugations

Non-Past

Plain
食う
Plain Polite
食います
Negative
食わない
Negative Polite
食いません

Past

Plain
食った
Plain Polite
食いました
Negative
食わなかった
Negative Polite
食いませんでした

Te

Plain
食って
Plain Polite
食いまして
Negative
--
Negative Polite
--

Passive

Plain
食われる
Plain Polite
食われます
Negative
食われない
Negative Polite
食われません

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